Lisson Gallery, London
31 March – 6 May 2017
by ALEXANDER GLOVER
In his landmark book The Interpretation of Dreams, Sigmund Freud noted: “The virtuous man contents himself with dreaming that which the wicked man does in actual life.” If you wanted to find a visual representation of this statement, you could certainly begin with this new exhibition by Swedish duo Nathalie Djurberg (b1978) and Hans Berg (b1978). The only misleading aspect of this is that the work is not just a dream, but also a nightmare. If you were born in a Catholic household, as I was, feelings of guilt and shame towards indulging your innermost desires are familiar friends. But there is nothing quite like the discomfort felt by witnessing an animated lust-ridden wolf fellate the udder of a cow, on all fours (obviously), to the sound of a dark and pulsating techno beat in their short film Delights of an Undirected Mind (2016). This is the wonderfully warped world of Djurberg and Berg.
The first work on show, Who am I to Judge, or, It Must be Something Delicious (2017), is a sculptural installation made specifically to go alongside three short claymation films. At first glance, you could be forgiven for thinking that the installation is a children’s playpen filled with toys. But as you get closer, and with Berg’s haunting sonic accompaniment creeping through the room, you begin to understand that the scene is, in fact, quite sinister. A large white platform or plinth supports an army of Djurberg’s mischievous anthropomorphised Plasticine creations, the sight of which is reminiscent of the satirical novel Gulliver’s Travels when the tiny Lilliputians capture and tie down the comparatively large Lemuel Gulliver. Except, here, there are several of these situations going on at the same time. Various minute figures, including acorns with arms and legs, assault and ravage, en masse, innocent-looking suited elephants and pink ponies. A banana has its skin slowly peeled off while, elsewhere, many of the sordid perpetrators smoke cigarettes. Cut-out speech bubbles litter the platform, spelling out such utterings as, “Was it remarkable?”, “I did nothing to help my brother”, “What crap is buried here”, and the most ominous one simply saying, “no VIP”.
The installation has echoes of Jake and Dinos Chapman’s The Sum of All Evil (2013), where a mass of crucifixes bearing hundreds of Ronald McDonalds are spread across a Holocaust-inspired setting. But where the Chapman brothers attack key figures linked to capitalism, Djurberg and Berg make no such attack. There is no specific blame necessarily being thrown out in Who am I to Judge, or, It Must be Something Delicious. The “bad” characters are interchangeable with others that are being assaulted. Instead, this piece, like a lot of Djurberg and Berg’s work, is simply an examination of the kinds of thoughts and actions humans indulge in at their most perverse. The soundtrack to this perversion, played on three record players with one vinyl label stating, “There is nobody home here” makes you feel as if you are in the depths of a dark and treacherous jungle, moved along by the humming vibrations of what cannot be seen. But if you continue into the custom-built viewing room in the backspace of the gallery, you will find yourself in a whole different jungle of darkness.
Here, a trilogy of short claymation films play on a continuous loop, tied together through their exploration of themes of innocence, depravity and sexuality-related shame. In Delights of an Undirected Mind, the viewer is drawn into a stream of consciousness dream that is pedalled along by familiar characters derived from Little Red Riding Hood and My Little Pony, but in very unfamiliar territory. The dream is that of a young teenage girl, exploring sexual fantasy, ranging from the seemingly innocent to the deviant. The sexual allure of certain foods features, with two cucumbers spooning each other in bed, while a mouse clambers on a slice of cheese, slowly massaging it until aroused. Interspersed throughout this dream sequence is a matador, slowly caressing his own body, taking swipes at a cake with a long sabre. These sinful desires then reach a climax with the young girl defecating on her own bed, only to sweep her shame away under the pillow.
Sexual desire is explored further in Worship (2016), where the various tropes and stereotypes of pornography are assessed. Backed by Berg’s pounding electro-pop score, various characters switch between victim and perpetrator among a sea of latex, whips and phallic objects. In an interview at Kunstraum Dornbirn in Austria in 2016, in which the two artists discussed the presentation of Worship, Djurberg recalls how, during the making of Worship, she began to realise that her view of her own sexuality was shifting. Djurberg suggests that she felt as though she was “not just a victim, but also the perpetrator and it can be in very subtle forms”.
Dark Side of the Moon (2017), the most recent claymation short by Djurberg and Berg, relates to hidden trauma and finding the strength to deal with it. A girl wanders through the forest with a nervous pig, arriving at a locked cottage with a mooning moon and a smoking wolf parading around it. When the girl unsuccessfully attempts to open the cottage door, the moon hints to the girl that eating sweets will provide comfort and fulfilment. The source of the trauma in Dark Side of the Moon is not totally apparent, but if Delights of an Undirected Mind was the dream, Dark Side of the Moon is the nightmare. Through these videos collectively, are Djurberg and Berg simply “dreaming that which the wicked man does in actual life”? We can only dream.
Late Modern or Postmodern? New Architecture by Trevor Dannatt
Comparisons and parallels will inevitably be drawn about this new, and very private house designed by nonagerian British architect Trevor Dannatt RA. Despite a prolonged and successful career Dannatt has personally eschewed publicity and promotion. But today in 2012 it is inevitable, given the critical interest this swansong project has already raised in the architectural press.
Sculptural Architecture in Austria
This masterly exhibition has been organised with the support of, and in co-operation with, the Federal Chancellery of Austria and the Ministry of Culture of the People's Republic of China. It is the brainchild of the architect, Professor Hans Hollein, who curated it from Vienna in liaison with the Director of the National Art Museum of China, Beijing. It represents a long affair between Austria and China on cultural matters, and the Chinese authorities are to be complimented on their perspicacity and understanding for seeing it through. It follows an initial exhibition in Shanghai in 2001, covered by Studio International.
Architecture Not Now
As we approach the second decade of the turbulent 21st century, the level playing field sought by both practising architects and by teachers and theorists appears to be more than ever transitory. This century has some similarities in its early years to the dawning of the 20th century. Then, Vienna made an inspired effor, to float off new ideas, such as we can now experience in the Klimt exhibition currently drawing the crowds in Liverpool.
Alvar Aalto: Through the Eyes of Shigeru Ban
A retrospective exhibition of the architecture of Alvar Aalto in central London is extremely timely. It is now almost ten years since the major exhibition was organised in New York at the Museum of Modern Art, marking the centenary of Alvar Aalto.