For the building that has made the greatest contribution to British architecture in the past year
'Say little and say it well'
(Inscribed on the 'Memory Wall' in the building)
It is the architectural profession that is here found wanting: why were there no resignations? The departmental and parliamentary 'clients', too, found it not any longer to be an issue, as they settled into their stylish, idiosyncratic building complex. This is not some kind of architectural Turner Prize, where artists are not expected to display any actual professionalism other than to stay this side of obscenity laws and fire regulations. But the total disappearance of the budget question from the jury's criteria in Edinburgh is seen to be a glaring example of the further distancing of the architectural profession from the public they must serve. As Peter Wilson, an important commentator and critic working out of Edinburgh as Editor of the journal he founded, Manifesto, claimed, 'It shows the architectural profession very distanced from the public, in so far as they are prepared to say that it doesn't matter what a building costs, or how long it takes to build. That is wrong'. One Independent Member of the Scottish Parliament, Margo MacDonald, said, 'The committee who award this prize are not the people who will have to explain to the Scots why the maintenance, running, and repair costs of the Scottish parliament are going to be so big'. 'Say little and say it well' might be a cautionary warning to the newly ensconced Parliamentarians. But it makes a mockery of the premise and principles of the building that they occupy.
The fact is that the Award choice ignored a handful of outstanding buildings, mostly executed with great professional skill and superlative design talent, mostly within their set budgets, reflecting enormous credit on the firms involved, and all showing a conscious awareness of the true aspirations of the various classes of users within these buildings. Will Alsop, typically and pleasurably, when discussing his multicoloured Fawood Children's Centre in Harlesden, stated unequivocally that architecture had to be 'fun'. There can be no fun by contrast in enthusing about a building of profligate expenditure, claiming to enhance the landscape (which it doesn't), nor creating 'poetic' spaces that inspire the Parliamentarians with their own self-importance. Why could they not spring off the fence, where they sat like the pigeons entangled in the curious window architecture, and take a stand against the accelerating flow of their electorate's funds? This does not augur very well for the proper execution of future budgetary measures on behalf of their electorate over health, education, or communications. Sun King, this is your world, that of the profligate tour de force.
Norman Foster has already twice received the award, last year, for the famous 'Gherkin' tower in the City of London. The Foster entry this year was for a building that houses the various production facilities for McLaren Formula One cars, plus product laboratories, design studios and staff facilities. The building seems to float gently in the flat Woking landscape, reflected coolly in its own ecologically sound waterscape. The smallest entry this year, the Lewis Glucksman Gallery, by Irish architects O'Donnell and Tuomey (previously also shortlisted), stands for quality on such a modest scale. The Brighton Jubilee Library, by Rab Bennetts, is an inspiring example of contemporary architecture at its well-managed best: here, too, there is poetry, inspiration, materiality and proficiency, a model for the new generation of architects now emerging from the schools. Which cannot be said for the Alban extravaganza below Arthur's Seat in Edinburgh. Finally, one turns in some exasperation, to Zaha Hadid's model works for the BMW Central Building at Leipzig, which should have won, in the view of a large number of professionals.
What of the future of this prestigious award, named ten years ago in honour of perhaps the greatest British 20th-century architect, the late Sir James Stirling? It will, of course, continue, but more exacting criteria now need to be worked out, on a level playing field, where each building must subscribe to certain basic rules that lie behind the probity of the whole profession of architects. Here, it is doubly disillusioning this year, to remember the great skill of the late Enriq Miralles, in bringing architecture and landscape together as one: the Igualada Cemetery, outside Barcelona, is one of his early masterpieces, completed with his former partner Carme Pinos. This building nestles within the landscape and embraces subtle planting, like an oasis between life and death, welcoming the cycle of time itself. How will the Edinburgh Parliament be regarded in 100, 200 years time? Can it do other than provide the anomaly of history unmade? Will this fundamentally flawed building continue to be the recipient of ill tidings, of malevolent fatality? Will devolution here played out, actually survive, or will the Scottish ship of state not flounder, like their 16th-century flagship, the 'Great Michael'? There can be no guarantees: 'Say little and say it well'.
The First Architectural Biennale Beijing 2004
It would not be an exaggeration to claim that the 21st century belongs to Asia - if not to China alone. Deng's reopening of doors and the economic reform of the 1980s and 1990s paved the way for a resurgence of the Chinese economy.
The authentic and the twitch: architecture, tourism and simulacrum
The authentic and the twitch: architecture, tourism and simulacrum – Increasingly, we now seek to verify what is presented as 'real': we are wary of 'simulacrum' having perhaps enjoyed 'something having the form or appearance of a certain thing' or having experienced 'mere image, a specious imitation or likeness of something' (Oxford English Dictionary).
Sculptural Architecture in Austria
This masterly exhibition has been organised with the support of, and in co-operation with, the Federal Chancellery of Austria and the Ministry of Culture of the People's Republic of China. It is the brainchild of the architect, Professor Hans Hollein, who curated it from Vienna in liaison with the Director of the National Art Museum of China, Beijing. It represents a long affair between Austria and China on cultural matters, and the Chinese authorities are to be complimented on their perspicacity and understanding for seeing it through. It follows an initial exhibition in Shanghai in 2001, covered by Studio International.
Architecture Not Now
As we approach the second decade of the turbulent 21st century, the level playing field sought by both practising architects and by teachers and theorists appears to be more than ever transitory