London commentary by David Thompson
First published in Studio International, Vol 171 No 878, June 1966
The Op range of invention keeps narrowing to a single end-product, reversing the usual potential of a valid new style, which should promise ever-widening possibilities of application. I don’t think this worry has yet been proved altogether unfounded. Bridget Riley is still in a special position because people seemed to recognize from the outset that her work explored moods, sensations, experiences which could be different with each visual image. With most Op art, different visual images all seemed to boil down to the same sensation.
Most new styles tend to have this effect until we get to know them better – until, in particular, we begin to differentiate between artistic personalities instead of lumping them all together, as we are inclined to do at first, under the generalized impact of the style itself. How often was it not said in the early days that all Abstract Expressionists seemed to be painting the same picture? And after that, how much all Hard Edge painters were doing the same? Gradually, though, artists emerge from the style as individuals and are seen to be saying quite different things from one another. Recent exhibitions of the Polish artist Wojciech Fangor at the Grabowski and of new paintings by Peter Sedgley at McRoberts & Tunnard illustrate a stage in this process of familiarization. Both (among other things) paint luminous soft-edged images of concentric circles. Oh dear, here we go again – Op art and its obsessively recurrent concentric circles. And do they come and go, and start spinning, and ripple out from the centre, and make after‑images of the complementary colour, as you look at them? Yes, they do. What are these artists, Siamese twins? Not really, when you get to know them.
Fangor’s circles are painted, patiently and immaculately, with the brush: Sedgley’s are done with a spray-gun. Fangor’s colours are expressive, in the sense that their choice is dictated by the artist’s personal feeling; Sedgley’s are obviously that also, to some extent, but they nearly always progress through the set sequence of the spectrum. Given the other similarities between their paintings, these may seem trifling distinctions. In fact, they make all the difference between two almost wholly opposed types of lyrical feeling – Fangor’s gentle, meditative, relating to human scale, a poetry of hovering luminosity, like moonlit nights; Sedgley’s dazzling, visionary, beyond scale, a poetry of fathomless radiance, reaching out into the night only astronauts know. Fangor’s is perhaps the more conventional, though none the worse for that. He would be a sensitive and poetic colourist whatever his idiom, and his achievement is to bring the Op idiom within the traditional field of what one might call the hand-painted picture, the brush-marked canvas. Sedgley’s spectrum-type colours and sprayed surfaces combine to make his work look more like analyses of light. Surface, in the sense of any awareness of the picture-plane, almost entirely vanishes (‘almost’ because on going very close one suddenly discovers the grain of the canvas), and the effect of aerial lack of focus is particularly subtle in certain hexagonal paintings studded with pin-points of colour looking like projections of light through a pierced filter. But even if this degree of successful illusionism makes one study the paintings as if they were beautiful natural phenomena, the images still come across as something intensely felt and surprisingly personal.
Face to Face - The Daros Collections
'Face to Face' presents the two facets, or faces, of the Daros Collections, finding similarities between works by artists from the USA and Europe and works by Latin American artists. Some of the parallels suggested by the exhibition make direct associations between one work and another. On a broader scale, when both collections are gathered together, links between them surface, providing a unique perspective on the major international art trends over a significant period of time.
Eduardo Paolozzi: The Jet Age Compendium
It seems to be the close season for Paolozziana at the moment, notwithstanding the presence in Tate Modern of the Warhol-Koons brand of Pop Art. Paolozzi, of course, was genuinely credible as the founder/pioneer of British Pop Art, as distinguished from its American variant.
Bridget Riley at Tate Britain
Tate Britain's important exhibition of Bridget Riley's painting ends later this month. This is a full retrospective, which was not possible at the recent exhibitions of her work at the Serpentine Gallery in London and the Dia Center for the Arts in New York.
Robert Rauschenberg: Combines
It was only a matter of time before the work of Robert Rauschenberg would again receive a star billing in Paris, and there could be no better venue than the Centre Pompidou. The reason is that the work literally benefits from the implied temporariness of the 'rooms' at the Centre.