Blain|Southern, Hanover Square, London
7 February – 22 March 2014
by Dr JANET McKENZIE
“Not painting,” she says, “is not an option.”1 Having used house paint since 1995, Howard’s new exhibition, Northern Echo, at Blain Southern in London, shows a return to oil painting, where she explores the medium by applying and removing paint, leaving images that hover between experiential episodes and resemble manuscripts or documents. Historic traces and freshly applied marks interact simultaneously; they are annotated vestiges in tune with memory and the subconscious experiences that interact with quotidian life. The painting process can be seen as a metaphor for the state of flux in life; faint images or suggested places are cast among the carefully nurtured surfaces of the new works. Insomnia (2013) conveys a sense of veiled memory, where an air of melancholia is conjured.
From 2005-09, Howard worked on her first commission, Repetition is Truth – Via Dolorosa. Via Dolorosa, of course, refers to the street in Jerusalem where Christ walked, bearing the cross, towards his crucifixion. Howard’s 14 paintings reference the Passion, but the series was, in fact, prompted by the publication of appalling photographs taken inside Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq. Howard’s work in 2007 was made following the death of a friend to suicide; it sought to examine the taboo surrounding the taking of one’s own life. Indeed, Howard gravitates towards morbid aspects of life. She carried out research using forensic magazines, choosing to make rapidly executed drawings as the basis of her painting. Having attended a Quaker school from the age of 16, Howard is now an atheist, concerned with present-day suffering rather than religion. In her 2011 exhibition, the artist used as its title, Folie à Deux –the clinical definition for “a psychosis in which delusional beliefs are transmitted from one individual to another to explore human experience”. Cage-like grids are created by allowing gravity to determine the images in works, where the heavy pigment from gloss paint spills down the canvas like a torrent of emotion unleashed.
Howard’s works occupy a curious limbo where emotions and external phenomena interact. She is apologetic at the suggestion that her works are melancholic; though she recognises that in creating works of this ambience, the very act of creation prevents her succumbing to depression herself. She admires the work of John Bellany, whose profound and religious work in an expressionistic mode is unique in British art. Bellany, who suffered severe depression for the last six years of his life, said he believed that depression was often the wrong word (it was, he said, so often mental exhaustion). “Melancholia is the inevitable flip side of the creative spirit, which takes great courage and energy, like giving birth,” he said.2 The art critic Sue Hubbard wrote of Howard’s Suicide series (2007): “The creation of these ambitious canvases is a psychological and physical battle, which demonstrates that there is still a role for emotionally articulate art that has something important to say about the poignancy and tragedy of the human condition.”3 In formal terms, Howard’s recent work employs a subtler language than that of Bellany: an exploration of the area occupied somewhere between figuration and abstraction. Here, Howard creates an interchange between background and foreground, enabling peripheral aspects of a view – physical or cerebral – to be endowed with gravitas and meaning.
Patterning using a monochrome or reduced palette is explored in Northern Echo. In this, drawing plays a key role. Howard explains the role of drawing in her practice: “Drawing for me is drawing my thoughts, realising and giving clarity to even the tiniest of ideas. Also the pure enjoyment of the materials, the ink, the paper, the way the pigment is absorbed, the weight of the ink on the brush. I’m influenced, like many artists in the past, by East Asian calligraphy, writing as drawing, drawing as writing.”4
Nurturing the surface of the painting is for her an obsessive activity, sometimes taking place over months or years. She describes her departure from the use of gloss paint to the use of oil paint in the past three years: “With this new body of work now an exploration of oil paint and the gentle shift that occurs [from] abstraction to figuration and back again, a sway, a shimmy, and a dance between the two. I used the drawn line as a pairing back to language, to the word, bleaching the colour out, the barest amount peeking through, a suggestion only, avoiding the distraction of colour that can provoke so much. The line (in the smaller works) is the word and the emotion. But I also unpicked the line, unstitched the line, made it unstable, broken and uncertain, creating an unstable, precarious surface.”5
With paint, Howard uses abstracted gestures to create an appropriate place on which forms can be placed. The application of marks can be seen to represent the artist’s assertion of “self”, the ownership of the picture plane, not unlike a theatre space, and a safe place in which to explore intensely private issues. It might be tempting to equate the nurturing approach to the painterly surface to a female propensity to nurture life, but although Howard is a stated feminist, she does not see her work as gender based, and considers herself first and foremost as a painter.
Muted colour is used in preference to a rich palette, although this should not be seen as an aversion to colour; indeed, she described her experience of the Francis Bacon retrospective at Tate Britain in 2010 emotively: “The oranges and the reds in his paintings made me so light-headed, I felt faint. The same happened on my recent trip to see the beautifully curated Twombly and Poussin exhibition at the Dulwich Picture Gallery. I think of colour as a seducer, a guilty pleasure. It’s a great tool to move the eye round the canvas, not allowing the gaze to rest.”6
1. Email to Janet McKenzie from Rachel Howard, February 2014.
2. John Bellany in conversation with Janet McKenzie, April 2012.
3. Rachel Howard: How To Disappear Completely, Haunch of Venison, London by Sue Hubbard, the Independent, 21 January 2008.
4. Email to Janet McKenzie from Rachel Howard, December 2013.
6. An interview with Rachel Howard by Anna McNay. Rachel Howard: Folie à Deux, Blain Southern, London, 12 October – 22 December 2011, Studio International.
John Bellany, Exhibition of Portraits
The human image is central to the work of John Bellany. In his treatment of the figure, and in his remarkable portraits, there is a consistent harmony between his expressionistic language and his perceptive understanding of human experience - the capabilities and potential of humanity. The preoccupation with the formal qualities in art in the 1960s and 1970s has meant that relatively few living artists have expressed as explicit an understanding of portraiture and work in the humanistic tradition as John Bellany.
The John Bellany Odyssey - paintings from Italy, China and the Tsunami
John Bellany's paintings are among the most confrontational, humanistic paintings produced in Britain in recent history. Layered with references to the expressionist tradition in art, and to his own dramatic life, recent death and incredible survival, they are allegories of mortality that have no rival today.
Homage to Michael Spens. The Royal Academy Summer Exhibition, 2011
The Royal Academy Summer Exhibition is, and always has been, a major event, a showcase of recent work by the Royal Academicians themselves, and the biggest open submission art exhibition in the world. By putting a widely divergent range of artists and works closely side-by-side, it might be argued that any individual artist cannot be fully appreciated or adequately appraised.
Francis Bacon in the 1950s
The Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts seems like a fitting starting point for this fascinating touring exhibition. During the early part of Francis Bacon's career, the collectors Robert and Lisa Sainsbury provided crucial support to the artist as friends, patrons and, eventually, as financial guarantors, and the 13 works that they purchased in the 1950s provide a valuable foundation for this show, which sheds new light on the development of the painter's practice.
Francis Bacon: Portraits and Heads
Francis Bacon: Portraits and Heads – The loss of faith in humanity in the late 1940s was such that the human image in art became increasingly difficult to portray. The existential despair expressed by Jean-Paul Sartre in Nausea (1938), found a visual counterpart in the images of despair and alienation of Francis Bacon, the expressionism of Oskar Kokoschka and the apocalyptic visions of Arthur Boyd. For the most part, abstraction in the visual arts dominated because, after the horrors of Auschwitz, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, artists found images of humanity impossible to create.