Art is everywhere and museums abound: the Museum of Fine Arts, the Georgia O'Keeffe Museum, the Institute of American Indian Arts Museum, the Museum of International Folk Art, the Museum of Spanish Colonial Art illustrating the Spanish influence in the New World with art and decorative objects, the Museum of Indian Arts and Culture/Laboratory of Anthropology and the Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian. On Old Pecos Trail is situated the Santa Fe Children's Museum with both indoor and outdoor interactive exhibits for kids (and parents too!). There is also the Center for Contemporary Arts with its exhibits, installations, videos, movies and performances, and at the historic rail yard district and Site Santa Fe, with its changing exhibits of contemporary art.
The city is recognised as a thriving and important art market. While it is known as a centre for contemporary art, traditional styles are also important: Native American art, tribal art from many parts of the world, Hispanic art, South-Western art and folk art. There is a remarkable aesthetic diversity from regional expressions to classical styles, from primitive to avant-garde: antique Navajo weavings, Pueblo pottery, surrealist paintings, sacred and secular icons, tonal to colorist landscapes that are impressionistic or expressionistic, photography, beadwork, and sculpture gardens. And, although it is the capital of New Mexico, for a town no larger than a small suburb, Santa Fe ranks as a major art centre with more than 230 art galleries. For the serious collector, this also is a professional art town with knowledgeable and helpful gallery dealers.
In the past 30 years, the most striking change in Santa Fe's visual arts market has been the growth of contemporary art, especially in the high-end, serious contemporary art market. And, as the art historian, Edward Lucie-Smith has noted, the story of modern and contemporary art is also a story of great art dealers. In Santa Fe, the gallery owner and art dealer, Riva Yares, and her son Dennis Yares are in that category.
In fact, Riva Yares had her base in Scottsdale, Arizona, before she opened a second gallery in Santa Fe. The galleries, commercial though they are, have the look and feel of well-run museums. They have exhibited both the classic names of contemporary art as well as other artists whose reputations were not so fully established. Among them are Milton Avery (American; 1885-1965), Fernando Botero (Columbian, b.1932), Jim Dine (American, b.1935), Helen Frankenthaler (American, b.1928), Adolph Gottlieb (American, 1903-1974), Al Held (American, b. 1928), Hans Hoffman (American, 1880-1966, Germany), and many, many others. All the artists' works are presented with the eloquence and panache of a public institution.
The Riva Yares gallery in Santa Fe, designed by leading Minimalist architect, Claudio Silvestrin, is as elegant as the refurbished gallery in Scottsdale where, for four decades, Yares has exhibited the works of the artists she represents. An Israeli immigrant with very little money when she first set out, Riva Yares has had enduring success by backing the right artists at the right time. In 2005, the Santa Fe gallery presented 'Manuel Neri, Fifty Years of Work: Sculpture, Paintings, Drawings'. It was first shown in Scottsdale from 3 March-4 April 2005 before opening in Santa Fe and running from 27 May-27 June. Neri's early sculptures exhibit contrasts between gently modelled areas and those that have been violently slashed and gouged. Edward Lucie-Smith, writing in the catalogue of the exhibition, links Neri's work to the figurative style of the painters of California's Bay Area, including David Park, Richard Diebenkorn, Elmer Bischoff, Joan Brown and Nathan Oliveira. Neri's signature material is plaster, which he loves. 'La Palestra No. 3' is an example of Neri's plaster sculpture with dry pigment, steel armature, polystyrene and burlap. As he has said, 'It's cheap. You can do anything with it. You can keep adding to the figure. If you don't like what you have, you can start over. And I love that dead white'. Despite this, he has always made extensive use of colour. Included in the exhibition was a group of drawings from the 1950s that depicted standing female figures, seen singly or in pairs. A group of drawings from the same period is quasi-abstract with atmospheric, rectangular figural forms floating in space as if looking at, and through, a window. Lucie-Smith notes in the catalogue that Neri's 'Approach to the figure became more personal with the advent of a model named Cara, whose heavy bosom and crooked back contributed to her awkward stance' and 'Much more fluid images appear in the 1970s, inspired by a new model, Mary Julia (Klimenko) with whom Neri has continued an intense creative relationship for more than 30 years ...' At the end of the 1970s, Neri began working in marble in Carrara, in Italy, and had difficulty finding models there. As a result, he borrowed poses from fashion magazines in which the self-conscious gestures of the young women fascinated him. In the last two decades, his work has continued to evolve, in part dictated by the technical challenge of using other materials beside plaster. His work in marble has a dense, compact elegance that makes it very different from his sculptures in plaster, for example 'Encantada III' (2004). There is an historical echo of the archaic Greek statues of maidens (Kore) and, perhaps, of early representations of the Mother Goddesses, Demeter and Cybele.
From 8 July to 15 August 2005, the Riva Yares Gallery in Santa Fe exhibited 'Milton Avery, Connections Over Time', which will end its run at the gallery in Scottsdale from 19 February to 13 April 2006. In between, it will travel to Art Basel Miami for a short exhibition from 1 to 4 December 2005. As James Panero, Associate Editor of the New Criterion, wrote in the essay for the exhibition catalogue, 'Avery crafted his work through an ideal of interlocking shapes and colours that allowed for a special form of dynamism. Green mountains arch against pink sky. Brown cliffs slip between orange hills and blue rivers. Shapes tease one another. Like the pieces of a jigsaw puzzle they notch into place. [And] they key into parts of other paintings from decades off ... Avery duplicates. He simplifies. He zooms into earlier work. He connects'. This is the point of the exhibition, featuring side-by-side images from different periods of Avery's career. As the Riva Yares Gallery represents the Milton Avery Estate, these connections in his subjects over time can be made. An example of such connections can be seen in 'Still Life with Spoon', juxtaposed with 'Still Life with Bottles'.
Following the Avery exhibition, the Santa Fe gallery presented an exhibition of the paintings of Paul Pletka, 'Nuestro Señor El Desollado (Our Lord the One Who is Flayed)'. As Pletka said of his paintings in the exhibition, 'Every year during Lent, rural communities throughout Mexico re-enact parts or all of the stages of the Passion of Christ. This occasion allows for an amazing convergence of two distinct, but strangely compatible, cultures: Spanish Catholicism and the remnants of the great pre-Hispanic civilizations such as the Mexica, Tlaxcalans, the Tarascans and the Mixtecs. 'Since visiting Mexico in the 1970s, I've been intrigued by the melding of these two cultures, which is most obviously observed during religious events. I was especially drawn to the 13th station, the Descent from the Cross, as a vehicle to express the chaotic blending of Catholic and Native beliefs, liturgical dress and rituals that come together for this dramatic moment on Good Friday. [The exhibition] 'Nuestro Señor El Desollado' translates to 'Our Lord, the One who is flayed.' This title can be applied to both the penitential images of Christ as expressed in Mexican religious sculpture and those of the Mexica deity Xipe Totec, the god of renewal and greenery. There are other similarities. Both Christ and Xipe Totec are honoured at the same time of the year. Both religious figures involve the act of sacrifice ... The painting in the exhibition title 'Nuestro Señor El Desollado' combines numerous elements and personalities from both Catholic and Native religious traditions. The central figure is the articulated statue of Christ being tenderly lowered from the cross by a lay priest and parishioners. He is portrayed in a classic manner with the exception of his head, which, in a symbolic connection to Xipe Totec, is covered with flayed skin ...'
Following the Pletka exhibition, the gallery presented a small exhibition of American art from its extensive holdings. Included in it were paintings by Morris Louis, Hans Hoffman and others. In the coming year, other dynamic exhibitions are planned, among them the retrospective exhibition of the paintings of Elias Rivera, to be presented in both Santa Fe and Albuquerque, New Mexico, along with a catalogue of 200 illustrated paintings and an essay about Rivera's art by Edward Lucie-Smith.
In the Kingdom of the Gods and Goddesses
In 1950, Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first Prime Minister, invited one of the greatest proponents of Modernism, the famous Swiss-born French architect Le Corbusier, to design the new Punjab capital at Chandigarh to reflect the new progressive free India, 'unfettered by the traditions of the past' and 'a symbol of the nation's faith in the future'. Consolidating ten small villages in the foothills of the Himalayas, the capital would be neither entirely Indian nor European.
Contemporary Clay: Japanese Ceramics for the New Century
'Contemporary Clay: Japanese Ceramics for the New Century', on view at Japan Society in New York City, expands on a 2005 exhibit at the Museum of Fine Arts (MFA), Boston. Curated by Joe Earle and Matsutaro Shoriki, Chair, Department of Art of Asia, Oceania and Africa at the MFA, the earlier show drew exclusively from the collection of New Yorkers Halsey and Alice North.
Changing Hands and Building Bridges: Tradition and Innovation in Native American Art
'Changing Hands: Art Without Reservation 2 - Contemporary Native North American Art from the West, Northwest and Pacific' opened in September 2005 at the Museum of Arts and Design in New York City. The exhibit is part of a series that showcases Native American artists whose work simultaneously reflects and transcends cultural identity, and places the artists within an international and art historical perspective. While 'Art Without Reservation 1' featured Native American artists living and working in the Southwest, the current exhibit features those from the plains, prairie, plateau and pacific north-west, including Alaska and Hawaii.
Two seekers of light - Ammi Phillips and Mark Rothko - meet in Manhattan
Pairing artists from different centuries who had, seemingly, diverse aims and ambitions - one a major force in the group of mid-20th-century American artists known as the abstract expressionists, the other a 19th-century regional portrait painter - cannot be high on a curator's list of guaranteed successes. As such, 'The Seduction of Light: Ammi Phillips/Mark Rothko Compositions in Pink, Green and Red', running 7 October 2008-29 March 2009 at the American Folk Art Museum in Manhattan, is a risky venture. However, due to her perceptive, nuanced approach, curator Stacy C. Hollander's risk has paid off, and the dividends are truly rewarding.